freedomlibertyasianposterlIn 1978, a joint congressional resolution established Asian Pacific American Heritage Week. The first 10 days of May were chosen to coincide with two important milestones in Asian Pacific American history: the arrival in the United States of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and contributions of Chinese workers to the building of the transcontinental railroad, completed on May 10, 1869. In 1992, Congress expanded the observance to a month-long celebration. Per a 1997 Office of Management and Budget directive, the Asian or Pacific Islander racial category was separated into two categories: one being Asian and the other Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. In 1978, a joint congressional resolution established Asian Pacific American Heritage Week. The first 10 days of May were chosen to coincide with two important milestones in Asian Pacific American history: the arrival in the United States of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and contributions of Chinese workers to the building of the transcontinental railroad, completed on May 10, 1869. In 1992, Congress expanded the observance to a month-long celebration. Per a 1997 Office of Management and Budget directive, the Asian or Pacific Islander racial category was separated into two categories: one being Asian and the other Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander.

Here are some facts and figures about Asian Americans:
Education
50%
The percentage of single-race Asians 25 and older who had a bachelor’s degree or higher level of education. This compared with 28 percent for all Americans 25 and older.
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

86%
The percentage of single-race Asians 25 and older who had at least a high school diploma. This compared with 85 percent for all Americans 25 and older.
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

20%
The percentage of single-race Asians 25 and older who had a graduate (e.g., master’s or doctorate) or professional degree. This compared with 10 percent for all Americans 25 and older.

Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>


The Asian population comprises many groups who differ in languages and culture, which is reflected in the demographic characteristics of these groups. For instance, 68 percent of Asian Indians 25 and older had a bachelor’s degree or more education, and 36 percent had a graduate or professional degree. The corresponding numbers for Vietnamese-Americans were 27 percent and 8 percent, respectively. (These figures represent the single-race population.)
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance
$66,103
Median household income for single-race Asians in 2007, the highest among all race groups and statistically unchanged from 2006.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2007
<http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/012528.html>

Median household income differed greatly by Asian group. For Asian Indians, for example, the median income in 2007 was $83,820; for Vietnamese-Americans, it was $54,048. (These figures represent the single-race population.)
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

10.2%
Poverty rate for single-race Asians in 2007, statistically unchanged from 2006.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2007
<http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/012528.html>

16.8%
Percentage of single-race Asians without health insurance coverage in 2007, up from 15.5 percent in 2006.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2007
<http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/012528.html>

Businesses
Source for the statements referenced in this section, unless otherwise indicated: Asian-Owned Firms: 2002
<http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/business_ownership/006814.html>

1.1 million
Number of businesses owned by Asian-Americans in 2002, up 24 percent from 1997. The rate of increase in the number of Asian-owned businesses was about twice that of the national average for all businesses.

More than $326 billion
Receipts of Asian-American-owned businesses in 2002, up 8 percent from 1997. An estimated 319,468 Asian-owned businesses had paid employees, and their receipts totaled more than $291 billion. There were 49,636 Asian-owned firms with receipts of $1 million or more, accounting for 4 percent of the total number of Asian-owned firms and nearly 68 percent of their total receipts.
In 2002, more than three in 10 Asian-owned firms operated in professional, scientific and technical services, as well as other services, such as personal services, and repair and maintenance.

2.2 million
Number of people employed by an Asian-owned business. There were 1,866 Asian-owned firms with 100 or more employees, generating nearly $52 billion in gross receipts (18 percent of the total revenue for Asian-owned employer firms).

46%
Percentage of all Asian-owned firms that were either Chinese-owned or Asian Indian-owned.

Nearly 6 in 10
Proportion of all Asian-owned firms in the United States in California, New York, Texas and New Jersey.

112,441
The number of Asian-owned firms in New York, which led all cities. Los Angeles(47,764), Honolulu (22,348) and San Francisco (19,639) followed.

28%
The proportion of Asian-owned businesses that were home based. This is the lowest proportion among minority respondent groups.
Source: Characteristics of Businesses: 2002
<http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/business_ownership/007537.html>.

Languages
2.5 million
The number of people 5 and older who spoke Chinese at home in 2007. After Spanish, Chinese was the most widely spoken non-English language in the country. Tagalog, Vietnamese and Korean were each spoken at home by more than 1 million people.
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

Serving Our Nation
277,751
The number of single-race Asian military veterans. About one in three was 65 and older.
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

Jobs
47%
The proportion of civilian employed single-race Asians 16 and older who worked in management, professional and related occupations, such as financial managers, engineers, teachers and registered nurses. Additionally, 23 percent worked in sales and office occupations, 16 percent in service occupations and 10 percent in production, transportation and material moving occupations.
Source: 2007 American Community Survey <http://factfinder.census.gov>

Age Distribution
35.4
Median age of the single-race Asian population in 2007. The corresponding figure was 36.6 years for the population as a whole.
Source: Population estimates <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/011910.html>

The Future
40.6 million
The projected number of U.S. residents in 2050 who will identify themselves as Asian or Asian in combination with one or more other races. They would comprise 9 percent of the total population by that year.
Source: Population projections <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/012496.html>

153%
The projected percentage increase between 2008 and 2050 in the population of people who identify themselves as Asian or Asian in combination with one or more other races. This compares with a 44 percent increase in the population as a whole over the same period of time.
Source: Population projections <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/012496.html>

 

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